Happy BELIZE Garifuna Settlement Day and Happy NICARAGUA Garifuna Settlement Day (November 19th)

 

Belize and Nicaragua, Central America — Beinggarifuna.com extends a Happy Garifuna Settlement Day To The Central American Countries of Belize and Nicaragua.

 

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Belize and Nicaragua, Central America — Beinggarifuna.com extends a Happy Garifuna Settlement Day To The Central American Countries of Belize and Nicaragua.

Both of those countries celebrate Garifuna Settlement day on November 19th.  The Central American Country of Guatemala celebrates Garifuna Settlement Day on November 26th. On that day, I’ll post a separate Happy Garifuna Settlement Day note on that day as well.

Garifuna Woman at Belize Garifuna Settlement Day Mass in Brooklyn. Photo by Teofilo Colon Jr. All Rights Reserved.

Garifuna Woman at Belize Garifuna Settlement Day Mass in Brooklyn. Photo by Teofilo Colon Jr. All Rights Reserved.

Belize Garifuna Settlement Day commemorates the arrival of the Garifuna people to Belize from Honduras.  There are accounts that indicate that Garinagu were in Belize (a.k.a. British Honduras) as early as 1802, when they traveled to Belize to work in the logging industry. 1  in fact, archival records indicate that an estimated 150 people were living in British Honduras in 1802.  2

Happy BELIZE Garifuna Settlement Day and Happy NICARAGUA Garifuna Settlement Day!!! (November 19th)

Happy BELIZE Garifuna Settlement Day and Happy NICARAGUA Garifuna Settlement Day!!! (November 19th)

That said, people generally accept that the arrival of Garinagu to Belize from Honduras took place in 1832 after civil war in Honduras.  Led by Alejo Beni, Garinagu settled in the Stann Creek (now known as Dangriga), Belize.  Eventually Garinagu migrated and settled places like Seine Bight, Hopkins, Punta Gorda, Georgetown and Barranco.   3

While I know the history of Garifuna Settlement Day in Belize, I am not as familiar with the history of Garifuna Settlement Day in Nicaragua.  It began to be celebrated in Dangriga (Stann Creek) and Toledo districts in Belize in 1943.  Garifuna Settlement Day was extended to the rest of the country in 1977.  If anyone can forward historical information about Garifuna Settlement Day in Nicaragua to me, I’ll be happy to post it. When was it first celebrated in Nicaragua? How did this come to happen?

Here is a 2012 news report by Nicaraguan Journalist Neyda Dixon on Nicaragua Garifuna Settlement Day.  This report is in Spanish.


Belize holds the distinction of being the only country in the world where Garifuna Settlement Day is both a federal and bank holiday.  Garifuna Settlement Day in Belize consists of morning reenactments of the arrival of the Garifuna people to Belize by way of a dory (dug-out canoe), as well as parades, masses, etc.  Below is a video with a glimpse at some of the festivities.


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ABOUT The Garifuna People / SOBRE el Pueblo Garifuna

The Garifuna people are people of African descent (in other words, Black people) whose ancestry can be traced to Africans mixing with Carib Indians and Arawak Indians on the Eastern Caribbean island of St. Vincent.  From this cultural fusion of race and ethnicities in St. Vincent Island, a distinct culture and language arose.

Los Garífunas son personas de ascendencia africana (en otras palabras, la gente negro) cuya ascendencia se puede remontar a los africanos mezcla con los indios caribes y arahuacos en la isla del Caribe Oriental de San Vicente. A partir de esta fusión cultural de la raza y etnias en la isla de San Vicente, una cultura y una lengua distinta surgieron.

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The Garifuna (then known as The Black Caribs) are noted for not only being the main source of resistance against European expansion into the Lesser Antilles over the course of over 150 years, but also being one of the few (only?) peoples of African descent (again, in other words, Black people) in the Americas to have maintained aspects of their ancestral culture and full use of their ancestral language for everyday use over the course of hundreds of years.

Los Garífunas (entonces conocido como el Caribes Negros) están marcadas no sólo por ser la principal fuente de resistencia contra la expansión europea hacia las Antillas Menores en el transcurso de más de 150 años, pero también es uno de los pocos (sólo?) Pueblos de África descenso (de nuevo, en otras palabras, los negros) en las Américas que han mantenido los aspectos de su cultura ancestral y la plena utilización de su lengua ancestral para el uso diario a lo largo de cientos de años.

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After being defeated in war with the British on St. Vincent in 1796; 1004 men,  1779 women and 1,555 children for a total of 4,338 people (mostly Black Caribs, as the Garifuna people were then known) were captured and taken to Baliceaux, a small island, a rock, basically, off the coast of St. Vincent.  This took place from July 1796 through February/March 1797.  About 2,000 Garifunas died of a mysterious and very infectious fever while living on Baliceaux awaiting their fate.

Después de ser derrotado en la guerra con los británicos en San Vicente en 1796; 1004 hombres, 1779 mujeres y 1.555 niños por un total de 4.338 personas (en su mayoría Negro caribes, como los garífunas se conocía entonces) fueron capturados y llevados a Baliceaux, una pequeña isla, una roca, básicamente, en la costa de San Vicente . Esto se llevó a cabo entre julio de 1796 y febrero / marzo de 1797. Cerca de 2,000 garífunas murió de una fiebre misteriosa y muy infecciosa mientras viven en Baliceaux espera de su destino.

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In early March 1797, the remaining Garifunas were loaded onto the HMS Experiment and other ships.  Once they were rounded up, the convoy were taken to a Bequia, which is another island off the coast of St. Vincent. They proceeded to go to Grenada to get water, then Jamaica for refueling, then finally Roatan, Honduras, arriving on April 12th 1797.

A principios de marzo de 1797, los garífunas restantes se cargaron en el Experimento HMS y otras naves. Una vez que fueron detenidos, el convoy fueron llevados a un Bequia, que es otra isla de la costa de San Vicente. Se procedió a ir a Granada para conseguir agua, a continuación, Jamaica para repostar, y finalmente Roatán, Honduras, llegando el 12 de abril 1797.

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Finding much of Roatan unliveable, the Garifuna people petitioned officials representing Spain and it’s government (which controlled much of Central America at the time) to be allowed to move to the Honduran mainland.  Upon being allowed to move to the Honduran mainland, namely the port town of Trujillo, Honduras in May 1797. Subsequently, the Garifunas settled many towns and villages along the Caribbean coast of Honduras.  They also migrated to the neighboring countries of Guatemala, Belize (then known as British Honduras) and Nicaragua over the years.

Encontrar gran parte de Roatán inhabitable, el pueblo garífuna solicitaron a los funcionarios que representan a España y es el gobierno (que controlaba gran parte de Centroamérica en el momento) que se le permitiera pasar a la parte continental de Honduras. Al que se le permita pasar a la parte continental de Honduras, a saber, la ciudad puerto de Trujillo, Honduras de mayo de 1797. Posteriormente, los garífunas se establecieron muchas ciudades y pueblos a lo largo de la costa caribeña de Honduras. También emigraron a los países vecinos de Guatemala, Belice (entonces conocido como Honduras Británica) y Nicaragua en los últimos años.

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Finally, Garifuna People have also migrated to the United States of America where generations have settled in cities like New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, Seattle, Boston, Miami and Boston.  Despite their mainly Spanish surnames, their culture and history are distinct from other Afro-American and Latino ethnic groups and it’s important to keep that in mind.

Por último, Las personas Garifunas también han emigrado a los Estados Unidos, donde las generaciones se han asentado en ciudades como Nueva York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Houston, Seattle, Boston, Miami y Boston. A pesar de sus apellidos, principalmente españoles, su cultura y la historia son distintos de otros grupos étnicos Afro-americanos y latinos y es importante tener esto en mente.

If you find the BEING GARIFUNA Website helpful and useful, please DONATE. Every dollar donated helps keep this website in operation.  Donations are accepted via the PAYPAL website so your potential donations are SAFE and SECURE.

Si encuentra que ese sitio web SER GARIFUNA / SIENDO GARIFUNA sea útil, por favor DONAR.  Cada dólar donado ayuda a mantener este sitio web en funcionamiento. Se aceptan donaciones a través de la página web de PAYPAL para que sus donaciones potenciales son SEGURES y PROTEGIEDOS.

 

Happy Belize Garifuna Settlement Day and Happy Nicaragua Garifuna Settlement Day (November 19th)!!!

Happy Belize Garifuna Settlement Day and Happy Nicaragua Garifuna Settlement Day (November 19th)!!!

Notes:

  1. Nancie Gonzalez, “New Evidence on the Origins of The Black Carib, with thoughts on the meaning of tradition” — New West Indian Guide / Nieuwe West Indische Gids 57 (1983), no: 3/4, Leiden, pgs 143-172
  2. John A Burdon, 1934, “Archives of British Honduras, vol 2”, London: Sifton Praed & Co. pg 60, 146
  3. http://www.sanpedrosun.com/old/98-431.html

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